Betweensheep diseaseswhich most frequently affect thesheepwe have brucellosis, lablue tongue, echinococcosis, coenurosis and scrapie, these areillnesseswhich for diagnosis and treatment necessarily require the intervention of the veterinarian. In this article we will consider the sheep diseasesmore common than for their treatment, pending the consultation of a veterinarian, the breeder can deal independently.
A visit to the vet is always recommended both to have a confirmation of the diagnosis and to receive important advice for the management ofdisease. While waiting for the consultation, the breeder can follow our advice.
Diseases of sheep, ecthyma
Ecthyma manifests itself with the appearance of scabs and papular lesions on the lips and mucous membrane of the mouth. In the case of lambs that still cannot feed themselves, manual breastfeeding must be provided (you will need to arm yourself with bottles). The Ettima is one disease contagious that attacks sheep and goats.
It can also be transmitted to humans by direct contact with the animal so you must act with caution even if it is not considered adiseasesevere: usually regresses spontaneously within two to three weeks.
Ettima does not lead to death unless it strikes small lambs which, due to mouth injuries, could have difficulty breastfeeding. To prevent ecthyma in your flock, you need to focus on farm hygiene.
The virus can be inactivated with the use of milk of lime to be distributed on walls and structures by means of a backpack pump. Fortreat ecthymaand accelerate the healing process on sheep and goats, it is recommended to apply an ointment with glycerin and 5% iodine tincture (available at the pharmacy). The ointment and dye should be applied wearing disposable gloves.
Diseases of sheep, footpad
The footboard is onediseasehighly contagious that causes a painful lameness that forces the animals to decubitus and even death because the painsheepthey cannot walk and reach the manger. The agents responsible for thisdiseasethey are bacteria that live in the intestines of animals and are eliminated with the feces so as to give rise to a new cycle of contagion.
This disease spreads more easily in case of incorrect trimming of the claws and in the presence of an excessive layer of mud in the pastures. In case of infection in the flock, the first operation to be done is the praggio of the claws with removal of the material which, being contagious mount, must be removed from the stable.
With the disease in the initial phase it is advisable to carry out a daily cleaning of the nails through baths of about five minutes in solutions of vinegar and copper sulphate. The intervention of the veterinarian is necessary in the event of an obvious injury to the nail.
Others sheep diseases: mastitis, ruminal block and parasitosis can be found in the article "Treating sheep diseases “.
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