L'Ilva Taranto is under the magnifying glass of public opinion, it is perhaps the most striking case of Italy but in our country there are numerous industrial plants at risk of accident. Industries that have a strong impact on health environmental and that of the citizen.
IS' Ravenna the city with the largest number of establishments at risk of a major accident. Ravenna has 25 factories that comply with the Seveso legislation, that is, that deal with potentially dangerous substances. It is no less Brescia with its 8 plants. Leader in the storage of hazardous substances is Venice with more than one million tons of material.
It seems like a paradox, Ravenna is in first place in Italy as regards the green areas: has 1,234.8 square meters of greenery per inhabitant. Let's move away from the provinces and talk about regions. What are the most industrialized regions of Italy?
There was a time when the Calabria he played a leading role in Italy. We are talking about a century before the unification of Italy. In Calabria there was the largest steel mill in the boot, the Regia Ferriera. The workshop extended over an area of two square kilometers along the Ninfo and Allaro rivers. Things have changed from 1874 to today.
In Italy, industrial production provides 26.6% of the national GDP, for Calabria it represents only 18% while for Lombardy and Piedmont the percentage exceeds 40%. The gap between north and south is also felt for the other regions, just think of Sicily with only 21%. The geographical area of the North-West is in the lead, Lombardy and Piedmont represent the traditional basis ofindustrialization of Italy.
In 2005, the percentage of industrial workers in Italy was 31% of the active population. Looking closely at the regions it goes from 45% of employees in Lombardy, from about 44% of Veneto and Piedmont up to 24% of Calabria and Sicily, that is almost half.
The Veneto, Trentino Alto Adige is Friuli Venezia Giulia have started a new model of industrialization called "NEC" (north-east-center). It is a form of development based mainly on SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises). SMEs characterize this area and are often family-run. This factor was decisive for the affirmation of the green economy in regions such as Trentino Alto Adige.