Energy saving

Public buildings and schools waste a third of the energy purchased

In the flurry of comments and controversy over the government's decision to merge some provinces, local administrators have also been read about having threatened to cut heating to schools. Beyond the sensibility or otherwise of the idea, which we are not interested in investigating, the non-random quotation makes it clear that the heating of schools it is a problem, because it has a significant cost for the state coffers and because a lot of energy is wasted (one third of that purchased according to current calculations). Such a problem that it was discussed at the assembly of States General of the Green Economy of 7-8 November in Ecomondo-Rimini.

Precisely among the concluding acts of that assembly that two Ministers (Environment and Economic Development) contributed to putting pen to paper we read that: intervening with measures of energy efficiency out of 11,000 public offices, 30.000 school buildings and 70,000 of social housing a energy savings of 1 Mtoe by 2020 equal to the 33% reduction in consumption in the buildings considered, while a saving of another 0.33Mtoe per year would be possible by intervening on 3% of the buildings of private construction.

To obtain these results, it has been said, however, it will be necessary to foresee and review the system of incentives and of deductions. The tax deductions three in 2007-2010 produced investments of 12 billion euros and more than 40,000 jobs saved a year. Italy is a country that has coupons energy performance indices, but it is losing ground compared to other European countries, even if it still remains below the European average for energy intensity (96 toe / M euro).

Efficiency and energy saving have different and indisputable advantages both environmental (a lower consumption of energy, for the most part still of fossil origin allows to reduce, for example, greenhouse gas emissions) and economic (reduction of energy costs and energy imports), and for this reason these are the themes of a specific working group (the fourth of the eight established) within the States General.

Nine priorities identified by the working group for efficiency and energy saving in Italy. 1. Establish, for buildings built after 2014 and for those subject to major renovations, energy consumption standards lower than 30% of the current ones; 2. Introduce the obligation to build nearly zero energy public buildings from 2015; 3. Confirm the 10% VAT on the efficiency works and on the operation of the plants; 4. Promote the use of green public procurement; 5. Make the maximum electrical efficiency available in public lighting mandatory; 6. Promote energy management systems and the training of energy managers and experts in energy management; 7. Transpose the Energy Efficiency Directive; 8. Shift incentives for energy efficiency increasingly towards the end customer; 9. Facilitate energy efficiency in the Public Administration.

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