In Italy, the possibility of placing a deposit onplastic bottles so as to encourage therecycling. The most effective strategy for waste management and environmental protection is the recycling, natural resources are saved, energy consumption is reduced and harmful emissions are cut.
The plastic recycling plays a role of primary importance, its impact on environmental protection is very strong. Starting from these considerations, the government is evaluating a bill that could prove decisive for the recycling. This is the proposal presented by Environment Undersecretary Tullio Fanelli during the conference “Don't waste”, on the occasion of the Science Festival.
The project consists of a deposit on plastic bottles. The amount to be paid corresponds to 25 cents on each plastic bottle purchased, the deposit will then be refunded upon return of the empty container. The new bill conceived by the Italian Government for the separate collection of plastic recalls the same measure adopted by the Berlin government. In Germany, a small amount of money is paid for returning glass, plastic and cans, which helps keep the streets clean.
An efficient incentive system from various points of view, for the German government to collect all those bottles and cans of beer left on the street was a big problem. Since the introduction of the bail, young Germans have purposely left their empty bottles or cans unattended; cans and bottles become a great resource for the homeless who by collecting them ensure their bail.
The purpose of the Italian government is to incentivize plastic recycling to reach 65% of separate waste collection throughout the country. With about 6 billion containers used, Italy is first in Europe and third in the world as regards the consumption of bottled water and the data for 2011 demonstrate this. Hence the need for an efficient project that aims in a tangible and concrete way at the disposal of plastic bottles.