L'offshore American has an economic potential of 200 billion dollars and could create a very high employment rate with 300,000 jobs. L'offshore wind it is an energy, economic and work resource; while the guarantees offered by this sector are still few projects started with few plants active in the waters of the world and no offshore plant in US waters.
Federal and state governments have made great strides and America would like to make a breakthrough by exploiting the more than 1,300 gigawatts of potential energy generated by offshore plants installed along the coasts. By exploiting "only" a realistic fraction ofpotential offshore energy, the United States could meet the energy needs of at least 14 million homes. With the capacity of just 52 GW of energy, it would create over 300,000 new jobs and $ 200 billion in economic activity.
To highlight these data is the report of the National Wildlife Foundation (NWF) which analyzed the potential economic benefits ofoffshore wind energy. The federal government has designated a nautical area of over 3,000 square km where wind speed could have greater profits. Leases are expected to be closed by the end of 2012.
This immense area stretches off the coast of 10 states that make up most of the Atlantic coast. In addition, states such as Maine, Massachusetts and New Jersey have already made their energy generation targets official starting fromoffshore wind.
To push the US towardsoffshore wind were the economic benefits and reliability of the electricity grid projects. First of all, there is the possibility of creating economic activities with new jobs. Offshore winds blow the strongest during the day and the windiest areas may correspond to locations where demand for electric energy is higher.