Those who live in the West might think that it is impossible to unplug from fossil fuels, our lifestyle keeps us anchored to conventional energy sources, our society seems to be obsessed with cars, tablets and computers. It is impossible to imagine our life without electricity or gas, right from the morning ... how would you prepare a coffee?
If in the Italian Peninsula it is impossible to hypothesize a life without fossil fuels, the South Pacific Island, Tokelau, has succeeded. The island countries of the South Pacific are among the nations most dependent on oil, this is because the territory of the island is limited, therefore it is necessary to import huge reserves of oil in order to generate electric energy.
We have already seen this with the small island of Alcatraz and now the strategy is revived by a larger nation, the island of Tokelau, which is completely turning its back on fossil fuels. Until now, the island uses diesel-powered electricity generators, which are very polluting and also expensive.
Tokelau will be the first nation in the world to rely exclusively on renewable sources, in particular onsolar power. The turning point involves the use of 4,032 solar panels in order to guarantee the electricity needs of the entire island and generate an energy surplus equal to 50% compared to current consumption.
The diesel-powered electricity generators will be shut down by the end of 2012 and the island's electricity will be exclusively renewable. If on the small island of Alcatraz the electricity management has provided for the setting up of a backup generator based on fossil fuels, in Takelau the emergency generator will be able to count on another resource: thecoconut oil. With 200 coconuts it will be possible to produce up to 30 liters of fuel, but this will only be used in extreme cases. L'solar power produced during the day, it will be stored in special batteries and supplied during the night.