Waste: 7 rules to strengthen the recycling industry

The Programmatic Assembly on waste is part of the States General of the Green Economy

Harmonize and simplify the regulatory framework; orient the market of waste recycling with fiscal instruments and incentives; develop environmental performance indicators. These are some of the rules that emerged during theProgrammatic assembly on waste, organized in view of States General of the Green Economy which will take place in Rimini on 7 and 8 November next, on the occasion of Ecomondo. These are rules aimed at consolidating that circular economy in Italy that sees the refusal to become a resource and the industry of recycling flywheel of the Italian economy towards independence from imports of raw materials and power.

“The growing shortage of natural resources and, at the same time, the availability of new technologies - he remarked Walter Facciotto, Director of Conai and coordinator of the working group on waste - offer the opportunity to manage from a perspective green waste. Invest in waste market allows you to generate multiple economic and environmental benefits and the sector of recycling it creates more jobs than it replaces, especially in Europe those employed in this eco-industry they grow at an annual rate of 11%. Furthermore, it should not be forgotten that world trade in secondary materials has grown at rates higher than those of all goods and services, driven by China and emerging economies”.

The European recycling industry it had an annual growth rate of 8.3% and employs 512,000 people. In Italy, a country structurally poor in raw materials, the use of secondary materials and the industry based on the use of these materials has made it possible to achieve important economic and environmental benefits. But, in 2010, Italy still presents itself as one of the few European countries that import secondary materials.

These are the 7 rules for developing the recycling industry

1) Harmonization of the legislation in force and updating of the regulations and technical standards. A fundamental role is played by the standardization of materials derived from waste, the definition and application of EU criteria onEnd of Waste, the coordination of the same with the Italian legislation on secondary raw materials (MPS) and the dissemination of certification to guarantee quality.

2) Promote the green purchases. It is now well established that recycled materials and products with the same performance quality allow significant 'system savings', considering the cycle of use and the lack of disposal costs.

3) Support the market with fiscal instruments. Provide 'rational' tax relief systems on MPS, by-products, recycled products, tax relief and credit facilitation systems for investments in research and development. Economic incentives and disincentives can be used in favor of efficiency and energy recovery, introducing reward mechanisms for recycled material along the lines of white certificates.

4) Making the entire sector of the waste recycling through the simplification and streamlining of administrative burdens, transparency and correct information to citizens and greater consultation with the Public Administration (Program Agreements).

5) Introduce national disincentives to prevent it landfill disposal is still economically viable compared to the transfer to waste valorisation plants, with the commitment to use these resources both for the development and maintenance of recycling infrastructures and to support the lagging areas.

6) Create real 'industrial centers'. This means encouraging the creation of Modern 'plant sites' and eco-efficient with 'donei' recycling / recovery capacity, that is, capable of responding to the needs of the territorial context serving the Regions / basins.

7) Develop Indicators environmental performance, management and economic. For example, indicators are needed that measure performance also in terms of quality and effective recovery.

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