Every day, in Italy, 75 hectares are at risk overbuilding. The alarming data are reported in a dossier drawn up by the Fondo Ambiente Italiano and WWF: Stolen land, a journey to Italy that disappears. A chilling title that reports sad truths.
The future is in danger, with this trend, in the next 20 years, in Italy, the land area occupied by urban areas will grow to about 600,000 hectares, a value equivalent to 6,400 square kilometers consumed every day.
The report "Stolen land, a journey to Italy that disappears”Is based on a research project conducted in 11 regions. The study was conducted by the University of L'Aquila, in collaboration with WWF Italy, the Bocconi University of Milan, the Observatory for Biodiversity, the Rural Passage and the Sustainable Project of the Umbrian Region.
The 11 regions analyzed represent 44% of Italian soil and according to their history, in the last 50 years, the urban area has multiplied by 3.5 times, growing by almost 600 thousand hectares until the early 2000s.urbanization has subtracted from agriculture and the environment an amount of 33 hectares per day (366.65 m2 per person with average values over 300% and peaks of increase of up to 1100% in some regions, equivalent to the entire Friuli Venezia region Giulia).
The increase in urban land it was also notable in municipalities characterized by the phenomenon of emigration. From 1951 to 2011, these municipalities have grown by over 800 square meters for each lost inhabitant. The lack of a zoning plan effective feels. The land consumption may be linked to another terrifying phenomenon, theillegal building. From 1948 to today, there have been 4.5 million building abuses, 75 thousand per year and 207 per day, compared to three amnesties in the last 16 years (1985, 1994 and 2003).
The soil is consumed in any way, there is no tendency to reclaim and restore existing buildings but to build new ones. To urbanization andillegal building Another phenomenon is added, that of quarries suitable for extracting clay, limestone, gypsum, ornamental and inert stones: in 2006 alone, 375 million tons of aggregates and 320 million tons of clay, limestone, gypsum and ornamental stones were extracted.
The Italian territory is not only vulnerable but is now mutilated by these phenomena that increase the risk of desertification. There are many problems related to land consumption, an example? in Italy about 70% of the municipalities are affected by landslides which from 1950 to 2009 caused 6,439 victims including dead, missing and injured.
In order not to further mutilate our territory, the municipalities of Italy must make more courageous choices. Acting is possible and the example par excellence is given by Cassinetta of Lugagnano that with its mayor Domenico Finiguerra has carried out a zero overbuilding campaign by relaunching the local economy, agriculture and the territory.
curated by Anna De Simone