Last March, the European Commission issued the Regulation approved by the Standing Committee for Organic Production (SCOF) which establishes the rules for winemaking according to the method ofbiological agriculture.
The new rules will be published in the coming weeks in the Official Journal of the EU.
With the new regulation i organic winegrowers may use the term "organic wine"On the labels: it is applicable starting from the 2012 harvest.
The new Regulation on organic winemaking, which has seen Italy play an important role in negotiations with other Member States and with the Commission, is a first significant milestone for Italy as a leader in Europe inbiological agriculture.
The possibility of using the Eurofoglia, the European organic logo, in the labels also for one of the excellent products of made in Italy like wine, it will open up new market horizons for businesses, both in Italy and abroad
In addition, the label must bear the logo biological of the EU and the code number of the competent certification body and comply with other rules on wine labeling.
The adopted rules transparently establish the difference between conventional and organic wine: in this way consumers are given the certainty that an organic wine has been produced by applying more rigorous production standards.
This legislative act is the epilogue to the regulations on biological agriculture of the EU.
The oenological practices and substances established in the new regulation (EC) no. 606/2009 relating to the common organization of the market (CMO) in wine, to be used for organic wines:
The use of sorbic acid is not allowed.
Desulphurization is not allowed: it is a technique used to preserve the must by adding large quantities of sulphites.
The sulphite content in organic wine must be at least 30-50 mg per liter lower than the level of the equivalent conventional wine (depending on the residual sugar content).
Filtering is allowed, but a maximum pore size of the filters must be respected, in order to avoid eliminating some specific features of the product.
Wine heating techniques are allowed up to a maximum of 70 °: no pasteurization and sterilization.
Oenological practices: the organic wine it must obviously be produced using organic grapes as defined in Regulation (EC) no. 834/2007.
These rules will strengthen the position that i organic wines Italians hold internationally, given that many other wine producing countries such as the USA, Chile, Australia, South Africa have already established rules for organic wines.