Italy aims at renewable and it does it at 360 °, not only photovoltaic and wind power but also hydroelectric, geothermal, biogas and biomass. This is how Italy wants to exceed the standards set by the EU for renewable energies: solar incentives are halved but those envisaged for non-photovoltaic renewables are doubled. There is little transparency for associations.
According to the EU, by 2020, the nation's electricity needs should be met by 26% from renewable sources, Italy aims high and aims to achieve a percentage of electricity production "green" 35%. For the new plan of the Italian government, the renewable energies, by 2020 they should cover 35% of total electricity production. The government is aiming for growth in renewable more balanced so as to stabilize the incidence of incentives on the electricity bill. In practice, can this result be achieved?
According to what was said by the ministers (Corrado Passero of economic development, Corrado Clini of the Environment and Mario Catania of Agriculture), this result could be achieved by taking advantage of the new incentives for photovoltaic and extra-photovoltaic energy.
Not only solar panels but there are incentives for less exploited clean energies such as biomass, biogas, geothermal and finally for hydroelectric energy systems and wind farms.
In Italy, the agro-energies that they could produce alone should not be underestimated clean energy for a value of 15.8 billion euros per year. Precisely from January 1, 2013, provisions on non-photovoltaic renewables (biomass, biogas, wind…) will come into force. Spending on incentives will grow from the current 3.5 billion to 5.5 billion per year, and then stabilize by 2020.
These are only figures provided for by the decree but there could be other implications as has already happened for solar: the incentives for photovoltaics next year they will only increase by three billion euros, the current legislation had foreseen double that. It is clear that the estimates could differ greatly from reality. For the renewable extra-solar incentives can be accessed through reverse auctions, in compliance with the predetermined quantitative standards of annual power. The non-photovoltaic structures that will produce a power between 50 Kw and 5Mw will be able to access the rates by registering with the GSE registers; plants that will produce a power of less than 50 kW, will be able to access the incentives only after entering into operation.
According to groups and associations, the government has used the wrong method. First of all it was theAce Energie Future to contest the path followed by the government. According to some, there is little transparency and little respect for European standards for renewables and climate change. This is how Massimo Sapienza, president of Ace Energie Future:
"The method is obviously wrong: it is a decree made 'alone' without ever sharing the text with the renewable associations that have repeatedly requested it. A system that cannot work. The only operator who seems to be involved in the decision-making process, according to undeniable press reports, would be Enel, from whose computers some of the drafts in circulation so far appear to have passed "