This time it is Europe that takes the lead over the United States. L'offshore wind it is not at all popular in the US, along the American coast no turbine has yet been installed but things are changing and the first US prototype will be installed off the coast of Virginia.
While in Europe new prototypes are being tested for theoffshore wind, like the floating turbine, the US is preparing to install a single wind unit with a capacity of 5 megawatts. The turbine will be 146 meters high, of which 53 meters will be submerged by water. There offshore turbine it will be located three miles off Cape Charles, in Chesapeake Bay, Virginia.
Construction is expected to be completed by the end of 2013 but it will not be the only one in the US. Two other projects by theoffshore wind. This is the "Deepwater Wind " off the coast of Rhode Island and the mega installations provided with the "Cape Wind off Massachussetts" in the Natucket Sound. Probably, before starting with the installations, the American federation wanted to ensure an offshore management plan that is really effective for the economy of the country.
The first installation off the coast of Virginia will be connected by a system of submarine cables, buried under the seabed. The first installation will be an important step in the development of US energy resources. Not only energy development but also the creation of new jobs. To underline the importance of human resources in green economy it is precisely the governor of Virginia.
Although the amount of electricity produced by the offshore turbine will be relatively small, many operators in the sector see the installation as a symbol, the first step that moves America towards the market ofoffshore. The aim is to stimulate investor confidence and greater acceptance at the state level, especially along the Atlantic coast. Virginia will be the first state with one offshore wind turbine, the first offshore turbine of a long series:
American interest inoffshore wind it is not to be underestimated. Dominion Virgin Power said it is interested in leasing contracts for 113,000 hectares to incentivize the development of offshore wind energy. The area is located 24 miles off the coast and it is estimated that it will be able to produce two gigawatts of power fromoffshore wind energy.
edited by Anna De Simone