Waiting for that the Italian Association for Organic Agriculture release tools for recognize an organic food, we must rely on the label. But how do you read the label of a organic food? Let's see together the indications that, by law, must be represented on the packaging of the biological food.
During the last few years, thebiological agriculture it has developed very quickly all over the world. The marketing of organic products is growing and within the European market for organic products, the countries most sensitive to organic are Austria, Poland, the Netherlands, Italy, France, Germany, Switzerland, Great Britain and Spain. Italy is the fourth nation in the world in terms of area occupied by organic crops, preceded by Australia, Argentina and the USA.
All Italian organic operators by law must be registered in a special register managed by the individual regions to which they belong. The sector legislation also establishes that the control bodies accredited by the Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies (Mipaf) carry out checks on the activities of agricultural production, preparation and import of products obtained according to the method ofbiological agriculture.
Through the label we can trace the origins of organic product. This means that the product complies with the rules of the official inspection plan, comes directly from the manufacturer or is prepared in a sealed package. It bears the name of the manufacturer, the person in charge of processing or the seller and the name of the inspection body code.
On the label it must be clear that organic means the production method and not the product: “from biological agriculture"Is the correct definition required by current legislation. There are two categories of products from biological agriculture: 95% organic and 70% organic. In the first case at least 95% of the agricultural ingredients were obtained according to the organic method.
The remaining 5% consists of ingredients that are not available in version biological or that are not in sufficient quantity such as fats that are not extracted from cocoa, coconut, olives, sunflower, palm, safflower, rapeseed, sesame, soy, etc. and food additives.
In the second case, at least 70% of the ingredients used were grown with biological methods for at least two years with the difference that the reference tobiological agriculture it cannot be done in the sales name, but only in the list of ingredients, and with the mandatory wording. "xx% of the ingredients of agricultural origin were obtained in accordance with the production rules biological". The third and final category is represented by products in conversion.
These are products that are grown according to the method biological for at least one year before harvest (in practice, one year less than the other two categories). they contain only one product of agricultural origin; only additives included among the few allowed by the regulation can be used. The wording "product in conversion to thebiological agriculture”.
The Mipaf Decree n. 91436 of 4.8.2000 excludes the possibility of referring to conversion into products of zootechnical origin, limiting it only to vegetable ones.
The label has a barcode. Example IT ABC Z999 T001100.
IT means Italy;
ABC indicates the initials of the control body;
Z999 indicates the manufacturer's code, it can also consist of numbers only;
T means processed product.
The letter “F” indicates a fresh product such as fruit and will be shown on the boxes containing this product.
001100 indicates the authorization number for printing labels. This number is issued by the control body, for the ascertained production quantities.
But the most tangible guarantee is given to us by our palate ……. enjoy your meal.