V.travel ethically it means making a commitment not to harm the environment while practicing tourism. However, it must be said that by its very nature, travel damages the environment, especially when you leave your country. Even if you visit the Middle East exclusively on horseback, or decide to explore Machu Picchu on foot, you have to take into account the return flight, for example a flight from Rome to Latin America generates about two tons of carbon dioxide, a real punch in the stomach for the environment. Unless you intend to cross the ocean on a sailboat, the only favor you can do for the environment is to do tourism within your own country, a choice that will also benefit the local economy. The message is clear: the further you go, the less ethical it will be your journey.
Another implication to consider in the ethical travel, is respect for the culture of the place you intend to visit. Returning to the Middle East, in Istanbul, in Topkapi Palace, there is a room that only the Ottoman sultans could visit. Inside the room, even today, there are relics considered sacred. Once that room could accommodate a few people a year, nowadays hundreds of tourists roam the Palace every day. Religious relics have been commodified by travelers who legitimately wish to see those fragments of history, even though it does damage to the local tradition.
It is natural to want to see the wonders of the world with your own eyes, but when 10,000 people visit a monument every day "naturalistic“, The implications can be very negative. Another example is given by the complex of Great Pyramid of Giza; the terrain around the Pyramid is not at all suitable for ancient tombs, it has lost all the poetry and magic of the desert plateau. Tourism has almost turned it into a landfill, destroying all the once pristine beauty of the famous Giza. Not to mention naturalistic beauties like the one from Barrier Reef, which today is still precious but certainly not uncontaminated.
Tourism has transformed culture, tradition and naturalistic beauties into commodities and consequently, today, travel ethically It's really difficult. To appreciate an authentic ethical journey, there must be one full immersion in the culture of the city you visit. It may be helpful to learn local dialects and thoroughly study folk traditions before leaving. The trip should last more than a couple of days, so if a travel agency offers you a Ethical Tour with what Tour Operetors define Ecotourism Lite, beware. Ethical tourism takes to heart the political, cultural and economic conditions as well as the environmental ones. Ecotourism accounts for over 20% of world tourism and is a rapidly growing sector.
The best way to do a ethical travel is to look for a location within your own country and visit it using the means offered by the same location: a possible bike sharing, shuttle service and more. Life gives camper it could be very hard but it will certainly put you in close contact with nature, it will save you and allow you to live almost zero impact for a few days. Preferring cycling or canoeing rather than renting a scooter or a motorboat could make you appreciate that certain location more.
Remaining in Italy, theisland of Capri, which I myself have visited several times, can be fully appreciated by cycling or following the paths for pedestrians. The famous Faraglioni they can be reached by canoe through guided tours. Also there Amalfi coast it can be explored with zero impact, moreover, along the coast, there are numerous areas for campers and renting a kayak to enjoy the sea of Vietri will not be difficult. Traveling in an ethical way means not chasing the superfluous, it means fully appreciating the simple things like a granita can be after a long walk. Each region has its hidden wonders, you just have to look for them… then, if you really want to get out of the boot, the pilgrimage routes will allow you to explore new territories and cultures, without affecting anything. The example par excellence is given by Santiago's walk. Before starting this adventure, healthy physical training is strongly recommended.
edited by Anna De Simone