When it comes to harmful emissions related to transport, we all agree that they need to be cut. Another commonplace is the cost of gasoline, we all want to travel saving and also in this case electric cars they lend themselves well. So why don't they still represent a standard?
Worldwide, harmful emissions reach 8,000 million tons of carbon dioxide every year; of these 20% come from petrol cars. In short, gasoline is expensive, the planet is suffering, why are electric vehicles so rare?
One of the most incisive issues is dictated by the initial cost of the vehicle. Potential customers would face a larger initial outlay than the cost of a standard vehicle, and few are willing to spend their wages for the glory of the planet. The culture of long-term investment is not widespread and not everyone believes they will be able to recover the amount spent through fuel economy. Anyway, this is just the tip of a troubled iceberg that we will briefly analyze below.
-Lack of adequate infrastructure. The lack of ad hoc refueling stations for i electric vehicles is among the main disadvantages both for those who already own an electric vehicle and for increasing a greater diffusion of such cars: the consumer, not seeing adequate charging stations and service areas, perceives electric cars as a reality far removed from everyday life. So electric vehicles are moving further and further away from what is "the convention". It is paradoxical, but the absence of ad hoc refueling stations is dictated precisely by the low diffusion of electric vehicles, it is therefore a closed vicious circle that without a push will not break independently.
-Anxiety. Many potential customers do not make their debut in the electrical field due to psychological factors, in this case, anxiety: fear of running out of electricity before reaching the destination, fear of having to face large expenses related to maintenance; fears that are amplified by the "novelty" of the electric model. We are reluctant to take the step because no one else around us still cannot tell about his experience withEV.
-Disinformation. In Italy there are no information campaigns about electric cars, everything is left to chance and large companies are expected to take the first step by providing electric company cars to their employees. Large corporations could grant benefits to employees they buy electric cars but more help should be given by the state. We are in a deep recession and this point is linked to our tip of the iceberg.
- Charging times. Electric vehicles generally have to go through a charging phase that takes a certain amount of time. Thus, for motorists, this procedure becomes difficult to accept, drivers have always been used to "filling up" in a few minutes, with an electric vehicle charging times are very long, a Chevrolet Volt takes 10 hours to guarantee its full potential from 120 volts, a Nissan Leaf it even takes 20 hours. If the technology doesn't go beyond its current reach, charging times could be prohibitive. Many projects provide for the possibility of recharging the car even while driving, but for practical applications it seems that time will have to pass.
-Battery. Electric car manufacturers speak little about it, but there is a fact that is too often omitted. Lithium-ion batteries have a short life. Especially if subjected to many charging cycles. The deterioration of the battery's initial standards is inevitable, and the battery experiences a devastating drop in performance within three to four years.
- Ecological doubts. It is true that an electric vehicle pollutes less due to its harmful emissions, but it is also true that there are few companies that have adequate disposal plans for used batteries. Moreover, even more importantly, gasoline pollutes, but electricity also does if it comes from a coal, gas or non-renewable power plant.